云南昆明ISO9000、ISO14000、QS9000三者的区别 发布时间: 2011-12-26 14:04 点击:

云南昆明ISO9000ISO14000、QS9000三者的区别
Yunnan Kunming ISO9000, ISO14000, QS9000 three differences
ISO9000族标准
The ISO9000 family of standards
是质量管理和质量保证的总称。我国等同采用的国家标准代号为GB/T19000标准。该国家标准发布于1987年,于1994年进行了部分修订,该族标准包括了约25个标准。ISO9000标准总结了各工业发达国家在质量管理方面的先进经验,主要用于企业质量管理体系的建立、实施和改进,为企业在质量管理和质量保证方面提供指南。其中ISO9001、ISO9002、ISO9003标准,是针对企业产品产生的不同过程,制订了3种模式化的质量保证要求,作为质量管理体系认证的审核依据。目前,世界上80多个国家和地区的认证机构,均采用这3个标准进行第三方的质量管理体系认证。
Quality management and quality assurance. Our equivalent of the national standard code for the GB / T19000 standard. This national standard was released on 1987, 1994 was the part of revision, the standard includes about 25 standard. The ISO9000 standard summed up each industry developed country in terms of quality management advanced experience, mainly for the establishment of enterprise management system, implementation and improvement, for enterprises in quality management and quality assurance to provide guide. The ISO9001, ISO9002, ISO9003 standards, for enterprise products produced by different processes, has developed 3 models of quality assurance requirements, as quality management system certification audit basis. At present, the world more than 80 countries and regions of the certification body, using the 3 standard third quality management system certification.
ISO14000标准
The ISO14000 standard
环境管理体系系列标准总称。该系列标准发布于1996年,到目前为止,该系列标准正式发布了5个标准。我国等同采用的国家标准代号是GB/T14000系列标准。
Environmental management system standards are collectively. The series of standards released in 1996, so far, the series of standard was released in 5 standard. Our equivalent of the national standard code name is GB / T14000 series standard.
ISO14000标准是在人类无限制地消耗自然资源、同时又破坏自然环境的情况下,规范从政府到企业等所有组织的环境行为,为企业建立并保持环境管理体系提供指导,使企业采取污染预防和持续改进的手段,达到降低资源消耗,改善环境质量,走可持续发展道路的目的。其中ISO14001环境管理体系 规范及使用指南》标准是环境管理体系认证所依据的标准。
The ISO14000 standard in humans is unlimited consumption of natural resources, but also destroy the natural environment to the enterprise from the government, for all the organization behavior, for enterprises to establish and maintain the environment management system to provide guidance, make the enterprises to adopt pollution prevention and continuous improvement means, to reduce the consumption of resources, improve the quality of the environment, take the road of sustainable development the purpose of. The ISO14001" environmental management systems - Specification with guidance for use" is the standard of environmental management system certification is based on the standard.
ISO14000标准发布后,在欧洲、英美等国家和地区,产生了强烈的反响,政府管理部门和一些企业要求其合约商或供货方必须通过ISO14001认证。我国在加入世贸组织后,许多产品的出口将面临这一挑战。为适应这一需要,我国不少的认证机构已通过了环境认证认可机构批准,开始ISO14001标准的认证。
After the release of ISO14000 standard, in Europe, Britain and the United States and other countries and regions, produced intense echo, the government and some enterprises require the contractor or supplier must be certified by ISO14001. China's accession to the WTO, many products export will face this challenge. To meet this need, many our country attestation orgnaization has passed the environmental certification and Accreditation Authority for approval, start the ISO14001 standard certification.
QS9000等标准
QS9000 standards
是汽车行业在质量保证方面提出特殊要求的标准。该标准是美国三大汽车公司(福特、克莱斯勒、通用)为保证采购的汽车零部件质量,对提供产品的供方提出的质量保证要求,属于第二方认证,即需方对供方的注册或认证。但这些公司为节约审核经费而委托经认可的认证机构进行审核、发证。这类标准除QS9000标准外,还有DVA-6.1标准(德国),EAQF标准(法国)和AVSQ标准(意大利)等。为打破各国之间的贸易壁垒,国际标准化组织(ISO)已制订ISO/DTR16949《质量体系-汽车业供应方》标准草案稿,正提交技术委员会讨论通过。它将代替美、德、法等国家同类标准。目前,我国方圆认证委员会等认证机构均已开展了QS9000等标准的认证工作.
The automotive industry in the quality assurance aspects of the special requirements of the standard. The standard is the United States of America 's big three automakers ( Ford, Chrysler, GM ) to ensure that the procurement of auto parts quality, to provide suppliers of products made by the quality assurance requirements, which belongs to the second party certification, i.e. the supplier for the registration or certification. But these companies in order to save audit of funds entrusted to the authorized certification institutions, certification audit. This kind of standard addition to QS9000 standards, DVA-6.1 standards, EAQF standards ( Germany ) ( France) and AVSQ ( Italy) etc.. To break the trade barriers between countries, the international organization for Standardization ( ISO ) have been developed to ISO / DTR16949" quality system - the auto industry supplier" draft standard, being presented by technical committee to discuss. It will replace the United States, Germany, France and other countries of similar standard. At present, China Certification Committee certification institutions have carried out QS9000 standard certification.